What is Pigmentation


Pigmentation / Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition, where some areas or patches of skin turn darker in colour. It is usually a harmless condition, caused when there is too much of the pigment, melanin, on the surface of the skin. This condition can affect people of all races.




Freckles are small, brown float dots or light-brown spotsFreckles are dark, circular spots on the skin, 5mm in diameter occur during young age most if the time they’re caused by both genes and too much sun.

They are found at the skin level and are most often located on the parts of the body most exposed to the Sun, like the face, shoulders and hands.

The spots are multiple and may develop on sun-exposed skin after repeated exposure to sunlight, like the face, shoulders and hands. These are particularly common in people of fair complexion.

freckles 02



Liver Spots / Age Spots

Age spots are flat tan, brown or black spots. They vary in size and usually appear on the hands, neck and face — areas most exposed to the sun.

Age spots are very common in adults older than age 50. But, younger people can get them too, especially if they spend a lot of time in the sun.

Although age spots can look like cancerous growths, true age spots are harmless.




Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) causes skin darkening and discoloration that show up as spots, or as large patches on a person’s body. This is because cells that normally produce brown pigment evenly across your skin go into overdrive and produce too much melanin.

When dark changes in your skin’s color remain after the underlying problem has gone away, you have PIH. The most common causes are injuries such as scratches, burns, cuts, bruises, acne.Areas of the skin affected by PIH correspond with areas of previous inflammation or injury.

Ordinary conditions such as acne or pimples are a very common cause of PIH in individuals with brown skin.

PIH:Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation




Melasma can trigger it including pregnancy, birth control pills, hormone therapy

Because melasma is so common during pregnancy, it is sometimes referred to as “the mask of pregnancy.” Sun exposure is also a major melasma trigger because ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun can increase melanin production.





Birthmarks get their name for one simple reason they are marks that are present on the skin of a lot of newborn babies! A baby can develop birthmarks either before being born or soon after birth.

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Each of the Beauty Specialists at DRs Medi Lase are trained to provide the best advice and treatments to help you achieve younger, more beautiful looking skin. If you would like to organise a consultation with one of our pigmentation experts, please call our care line 03-6250 3301.